Ancestral Family Topic 400

 400   Christopher Robertson (c.1685-c.1748)
Pedigree Chart 06

Christopher Robertson, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Christopher Robertson might describe his life as follows.

I was born in the 1680s in present-day Prince George County and was a 30-something father with wife, Sarah, when I began planning to settle about 20 miles west in present-day Dinwiddie County. In 1712 Robert Bolling surveyed 115 acres along White Oak Swamp for me that I secured with an official patent 14 July 1718. 
We were parishioners of Bristol Parish where our six children were baptized. Since the part of the parish register that remains began in 1720, the birth dates of our younger three are known. We do not know what became of our daughters.
With four sons, and needing more land, we picked up and moved to ten miles west to Woody Creek in present-day Nottoway County. I was apparently a miller, like my sons, since I owned no slaves.
In 1740-41 Sarah and I gave part of our land to our son Henry and sold the rest. The county stopped taxing me in 1742 because I was “old and infirm” and could not support myself. I died a few years later in my 60s.

We have not identified Christopher’s wife, Sarah.

Christopher buys and sell land
Christopher had other real estate transactions while in Dinwiddie County. On 13 Feb. 1720/1 he sold half his 1718 patent—57½ acres—to Henry Robertson, his posited brother.  The same year he had surveyed an additional 103 acres on both sides of White Oak Swamp that he got a patent for in 1722.  These 3 transactions netted Christopher 161 acres. The 103-acre tract was later vested in Richard Haynes.
The Robertson family of 8 lived along White Oak Swamp until 1733 when Christopher then moved his family 10 miles west to Woody Creek in what is now Nottoway County. Woody Creek flows north into Deep Creek that flows into the Appomattox River. On 23 March 1733/4 he received patents to two adjoining tracts on Woody Creek: 150 and 400 acres.  Son Edward Robertson was living in his household in 1737. 

Other court records mention Christopher
Christopher Robertson’s name appeared frequently in early Amelia County court records. The justices appointed him the surveyor of the road from Bagley’s quarter to Capt. Stark’s quarter in 1735 and during the same court session they registered his stock mark: “crop & two slits each ear, half moon under left.”  Amelia County paid him 140 pounds of tobacco for killing a wolf in 1736 and in 1737, and asked him to serve on a grand jury in 1737.  Christopher sued William Westbrook in 1736 and Francis Epes sued Christopher for £1.13.4 in 1737.  Christopher’s money problems were already beginning by this time and he evidently was avoiding the court. Sheriff Hezekiah Ford reported “As per writ, I have Christopher Robertson ready to appear before the justices on the stated date to satisfy debt to Francis Epes.”
After Christopher went to Prince George County 4 times as a plaintiff’s witness in the case of William Anderson vs. John Ellis, the county paid him 750 pounds of tobacco for being there 6 days and for the 3 50-mile trips he made. 
In 1739 the court charged Robertson with contempt but excused him.  In 1740 after at least 7 days of testimony, the court dismissed a suit Isham Vaughan brought against Robertson. 

Living in Amelia
Christopher Robertson may have been a miller. We know 3 sons owned mills and that his land on Woody Creek was later in the hands of Abraham Cocke who was a miller. Further, Christopher held no slaves suggesting he was not a planter.
By 1735 the family’s oldest son, Henry, was living on his own and two years later owned a slave, Jack. By 1739 Christopher Jr. and Edward had moved out. The family apparently owned no slaves then. Although many Colonial fathers sought to convey land to their sons by deed or will, Christopher was evidently poor and could not. We do not have his will so we do not know if he owned land at his death. Yet we know he sold the only two tracts he held in Amelia County in the early 1740s when he was in his 60s. During 1740 he and Sarah gave 150 acres to their son Henry Robertson for 5 shillings and the next year sold 400 acres that spanned his two patents to Richard Smith Jr. for £65.  Smith sold his land to Abraham Cocke in 1754 and Henry Robertson sold his land to John Hall in 1742.  The latter deed described Henry Robertson as “of Prince George County.” Henry Robertson Sr. and Henry Robertson Jr. acknowledged this deed.
In 1742 stating that he was old and infirm and hardly able to support himself, he petitioned the court to be excused from paying public and county taxes, which was granted. 
Robertson’s indigence did not stop his neighbors from suing him. Theophilus Feild sued Robertson and the justices granted a judgement against him when Robertson did not appear in court.  Henry Fitz sued Robertson, too, evidently on behalf of the orphans of Nicholas Vaughan. We do not know the nature of the complaint but it must have been substantial. The chancery court appointed several prominent citizens to take depositions of witnesses in both Amelia County and Prince George County. The court ordered Robertson to give Fitz security for payment of £7.15. Robertson could wait until the orphans or their guardians demanded payment or he could give £7.15 to Fitz then. If he paid the amount before the orphans demanded it, Fitz was required to give Robertson security indemnifying him from further demands from the orphans or their guardians.  Robertson’s legal troubles still were not over. The court awarded Clement Read a £1.10 judgement in 1743. 
Christopher was living in 1747 when his son was Christopher Robertson Jr. on a deed,  and was likely dead by 1749 when his son—no longer junior—made his will. All 4 of his sons remained in the area and three—perhaps even all four—were millers.

Who was James Robertson?
In Amelia County close to where the Robertsons lived was one James Robertson who may have been a son of Christopher Robertson. He witnessed a 1740 deed for land on Deep Creek in Amelia County and arranged to lease a tract of land from Greenham Dodson of Nottoway Parish in 1755.  He twice witnessed deeds for land next to Henry Robertson: with Richard Robertson in 1767 and with Richard Ellis and Didball Holt in 1769.  With Nathaniel Robertson, he witnessed a deed for John Winfree and John Anderson in 1780. 
This James Robertson is distinct from James Robertson, son of Rev. George Robertson. The former began paying taxes in Nottoway Parish in 1752 while the latter held land in Raleigh Parish. Amelia County listed James head of a family of 6 with two slaves in 1782 and 7 whites were in his family in 1785.  Two other James Robertsons were in the county in 1782: James Robertson with a family of 6 and another with a family of 5 with no slaves.
This third unknown James Robertson was possibly the James Robertson of Amelia County that Capt. Nathaniel Read reported deserted from Chesterfield Court House in 1780.  Six years later, the Overseers of the Poor reimbursed both William Cryor and Samuel Watkins for supporting the family of James Robertson.  Samuel Watkins was a neighbor of the indigent James Robertson in 1782. 

Descendants of Christopher Robertson
Information about the children of Christopher Robertson, their descendants, and allied families previously found at is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Henry Robertson (c.1708-1782),  
Ann (—) Robertson,  
William Yarbrough,   Henry Nicholson,  James Gibson,  
Robert Malone,  Thomas Anderson,  James Anderson,  
James Cunningham,  
Richard Bush,  Sarah —,  Charles Turnbull,  Archibald Robertson,   Dr. Alexander Jameston,  
Hall Hudson,  John Jennings,   David Moore,  Matthew Crallé,  Thomas Munford,  
Tralucia Stegar,  Hans Henrick Stegar,  William Ginn,  Hans William Stegar,  
Tralucia Stegar,  John Hyndman,  William Reade,  
George Bagley,   John Gray,  Charles Irby,  
Jonathon Grady,  Samuel Eastis,  
Richard Jones Jr.,   William Fitzgerald,   Robert Fitzgerald,   
John Daniel,  
Ann Robertson,  
Warning Peter Robertson,  Lucy (Hamlin) McKie,   Michael McKie,  Freeman Epes,   
Thomas Hamlin,   
William Robertson,  Elizabeth —,  William Hill,   John Chandler,  
Chloe Robertson,  Abraham Shelton,  Crispen Shelton,  
Lettice Shelton,  Jeremiah White,  
Anne Shelton,  
Jane Shelton,  John Stone,  
Abraham Shelton,  Lettice Shelton,  John Shelton,  
Crispin Shelton,  Susannah Irby,  Charles Irby,  
Charles Irby Shelton,  
Abraham Cowper Shelton,  
Meacon Ashley Shelton,  
Chloe Robertson Shelton,  
Martha Irby Shelton,  
Dr. Tavenor Shelton,  
Frederick Shelton,  Polly Shelton,  
Robertson Shelton,  
Patsey Lewis Shelton,  
Chloe Robertson Shelton,  
Meacon Shelton,  
Robertson Shelton,  
William Shelton,  Martisha Taylor,  Elizabeth C. Johnson,  James Johnson,  
Christopher Robertson,  Constant Edmundson,   
John Edmundson,   
Stephen Wood,  Rev. James Shelburne,  Edward Lee,  
Permelia Robertson,  Thomas Rudd,  John Chappell,  
Christopher Robertson,  
Peter Robertson,  Mary Ann I. Gregory,  
Eliza Robertson,  
Susannah Robertson,  Vincent Shelton,  
Henry Robertson,  Johanna —,  Joanna Brooks,  
Jonathon Brooks Robertson,  Rhoda Callicot,  James Callicot,  
Henry Robertson,  Susanna Ellerson,  Martha Bedford Crenshaw,  Mary G. (Barnes) Cheaney,  
William Robertson,  Susannah Moseley,  Edward Moseley Jr.,  
Christopher Robertson,  
Anna Robertson,  Archer Farley,  Peter Ellington,   Sarah Thompson,  
Susannah Robertson,  
Anna Mariah Robertson,  
David Robertson,  Nancy Callicot,  James Callicot,  
Dorothea Robertson,  Thomas Pollard,  Warning Peter Robertson,   
Thomas Wright,  Elizabeth Wright,  
Joseph Pollard,  Mary Pollard,  Mary Asselin,  William Pollard,  
Frederick Lester,  Bryant Lester,  Sarah Wimbush,  
Daniel Robertson,  Elizabeth Edmundson,   
William Edmundson Robertson,  Mary Elizabeth Stainback,   Sarah Green Hardy,  Charles Hardy,  Sally Jordan Green,  
Ashley Robertson,  
Daniel Henry Robertson,  Martha Edmundson,   Miles Hardy,  
Ann E. Watkins,  Aurelius A. Watkins,  
Edward Robertson,  Elizabeth Walton,   
Simeon Robertson,  Calle Matilda Pepper,  
Dolly Robertson,  
John Edward Robertson,  Comfort Ann Worthington,  Elizabeth Ann Dimmitt,  
Susan Robertson,  
Elizabeth Robertson,  Samuel Worthington,  
Tabitha Robertson,  
William Henry Robertson,  Eliza Ann Runyon,  
Tralucia Steger Robertson,  Samuel Worthington,  
Agnes Hester Robertson,  Charles M. Keith,  
Edward W. Robertson,  Martha Mannen,  
Mary Robertson,  
William Henry Robertson,  Susannah Winn,  John Fowlkes,   
John Robertson,  Elizabeth Rudd,  
 Christopher Robertson (c.1714-1748),  
Robert Rowland,  
Eleanor (—) Robertson,  Matthew Cabanis,   
Christopher Robertson,  Thomas Jones,  Littleberry Royall,   
Mary Edmundson,   
Joseph Smith,  
Constance Robertson,  
William Robertson,  
 Upton Edmundson (-1771),  
Benjamin Edmundson,  James Finney,  
Thomas Edmondson,  Mary (—) Edmundson,  Richard Edmundson,  
John Hightower,   
Constant Edmundson,  Edgecomb Suggett,  
Elizabeth Suggett,  Thomas Merritt,  
Mary Edmundson,  Christopher Robertson,   
Benjamin Edmundson,  Mary (—) Edmundson,  
Upton Edmundson,  Martha —,  Thomas Hamlin,  
Upton A. Edmundson,  Frances Bagley,   
Constant Edmundson,  William Lambert,  
Martha Edmundson,  Daniel Henry Robertson,   
Elizabeth Edmundson,  
Tabitha Edmundson,  Sterling Lambert,  
William Edmundson,  
Benjamin Edmundson,  Martha Tomlinson,  
John Edmundson,  Sarah Snead,   
Ann Edmundson,  James Hinton,  
Tabitha Edmundson,  James Gunn,   
Thomas Edmundson,  
Samuel Edmundson,  
Elizabeth Edmundson,  Daniel Robertson,   
Edward Lee,  Daniel Edmundson Gunn,  Tabitha Jane Lee,  
Constant Edmundson,  Christopher Robertson,   
Susanna Edmundson,  Benjamin Orgain,  
Mary Edmundson,  John Blackwell,  
 Edward Robertson (c.1718-1769),  
 Mary Robertson (1720-),  
 Nathaniel Robertson (1722-1794),  
Elizabeth May,   
Robert Rowland,  Capt. Edward Booker,   Alexander Bruce Jr.,  
John Gooch,  John Hall,   Rev. William Proctor,  Thomas Spain,  John Winn,  Thomas Oakley,  Richard Willson,   
Mary Ann Robertson,   Anne Morris,  
Thomas Payne,   
Richard Robertson,  Amelia Spain,  Frederick Spain,  Mary Roberts,  Thomas Spain,  
Solomon Terrell,  
Polly Baugh Robertson,  
Betsy Robertson,  
Christopher Robertson,  
Elizabeth Robertson,  Thompson Fowlkes,   
Sarah Robertson,  Thomas Spain,  
Charles Spain,  
James Robertson,  Sarah Solkins Nance,  Frederick Nance,  
Mary May Robertson,  William May Porter,   
Rowland Ward Jr.,   
Robert Robertson,  Molly May Porter,   
Eliza May Robertson,  
Nancy C. Robertson,  
William Robertson,  James Dupuy,   
Martha Robertson,  Walton,  
Paschal Robertson,  Lucretia Thompson,  
William Robertson,  
Nathaniel Thompson Robertson,  
Peter Robertson,  
Christopher Robertson,  
Nancy Robertson,  
 Martha Robertson (1724-),  

This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
Crispin Shelton - Revolutionary War Vincent Shelton - Revolutionary War
James Hinton - War of 1812 William May Porter - Revolutionary War

Legislators - colonial and state
Warning Peter Robertson - Virginia Abram Shelton - Virginia
Christopher Robertson - Virginia  

Selected sources
Harrell, Elizabeth J. The Osbornes and Related Families: Jones, Worsham, Fowlkes, Robertson & Gayle. Privately published, 1983:149-156. • Family of Christopher Robertson.
Robertson Genealogical Notes. Library of Virginia Accession 26219. • Resources on the family of Christopher Robertson.

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