Ancestral Family Topic 924

 924   Charles Clay II (-1765)
Pedigree Chart 08

Charles Clay II, in his own words
If he could speak to us today, Charles Clay II might describe his life as follows.

Sarah and our 6 children lived on a 250-acre plantation about 2 miles west of the present town of Chester in Chesterfield County.
To ensure that my sons had sufficient property of their own, I got 604 acres on Deep Creek in Amelia County in March 1740.  My three eldest managed this land for me until 1752 when I gave each of them about 150 acres.  Because our youngest son, Henry, had died, I gave the remaining 150 acres to William Hatcher, who married Henry’s daughter, Mary Clay
I wasted my time serving on a grand jury in November 1751 that returned several indictments, which the king’s attorney declined to prosecute after the justices determined that two of our jurors were unqualified because they did not own land. 
As was the tradition, I gave my home plantation to my then youngest son, James, whom I expected to care for his mother, until her death.  James eventually sold out and went to Halifax County.

Charles was not yet 21, or “attainment of age,” as they called it, in 1687.
We have yet to identify Sarah, wife of Charles Clay.

Deeds and other court records
The Clay plantation was made up partly of 150 acres he acquired on the south side of the James River 17 Aug. 1725.  Neighbors were William Farlow [Farley], James Aiken Jr., and Martha Blankenship, the widow of Ralph Blankenship, later married Edward Stanley, Charles’ stepfather. 
Henrico County taxed Charles Clay on 2 levies and 250 acres in 1736. 
When Gilbert Elam sued William Robertson Jr. 2 March 1749/50, Charles did his civic duty by serving on the jury.  Charles had the responsibility of surveying the road from Parrish’s Run to Swift Creek Church in Jan. 1751/2. 
Charles sued Robert Hudson 1 May 1752. The trial evidently lasted several days and jury found for the plaintiff and awarded Clay £14.2.2 plus court costs. Yet Hudson successfully convinced the justices that Clay had no cause for action and they deferred their decision “until another day.”  Two witnesses testified for Clay. Thomas Franklin earned 325 pounds of tobacco for 13 days attendance and Abraham Bailey got 845 pounds and 14 shillings for his attendance 17 days and traveling 10 miles 14 times and ferry costs at Warwick, coming and going. 
Still at the courthouse in May 1752, Clay was the defendant when John Hix accused Charles of trespass, assault, and battery. As no one appeared to prosecute the case, the court dismissed the suit. 

Charles makes his will
On 28 Jan. 1754 Charles made his will leaving his plantation to his wife, Sarah, and then to their son, James. He mentioned also his daughter, Judith Clay, and gave his granddaughter Mary Clay, daughter of Henry Clay, his remaining 150 acres in Amelia County. 
Yet Charles lived another 11 years. Meanwhile, Mary Clay married so Charles gave the 150 acres in Amelia County to her husband, William Hatcher. Evidently Sarah died, too, since Charles deeded the 250-acre home plantation to James.
Charles died before Aug. 1765 when the Chesterfield County recorded his will. 

Descendants of Charles Clay II
Information about the children of Charles Clay II, their descendants, and allied families previously found at is now available as Southside Virginia Genealogies. Learn more 
Names found in this topic include the following.
 Thomas Clay (-1791),  
John Applin,  Wood Jones,   John Marshall,  Joseph Woodson,  
Archer Jones,   Samuel Watkins,  
Ann Powell,  John Powell,  Mary —,  
Solomon Clay,  
Caleb Clay,  
Elijah Clay,  
Shadrach Clay,  
Thomas Clay,  Anne Clay,   
Thomas Clay,  Susannah Smart,  William Smart,  Elizabeth Parratt,  
William W. Clay,  
John Clay,  Susan Poindexter,  
Cristina Clay,  
Dorothy A. Clay,  Mark F. Franklin,  
Martha W. Clay,  
Rhoda Clay,  Bachelor Graves,  
David Clay,  Martha Clay,   
Dicey Clay,  Charles Dunnaway,  
Sally Clay,  Jordan Hood,  
John Moore Clay,  Judith Borum,   
 Charles Clay III (c.1720-1791),  
Charles Clay,   
John Owen,   
Peter Clay,   
Robert Clay,  
William Clay,  
Peter Clay,  
Daniel Clay,  James Pulliam,   Millie Tucker,  George Tucker,  
Charles Clay,  Dorothy Tucker,  Joel Tucker,  
Joel Tucker Clay,  Susan (—) Clay,  
Elizabeth Clay,  John Waller,  
Elizabeth Clay,  James Fleet,  
Frederick Clay,  Sarah Guthrey,   George Clay,  
Solomon Clay,  
Daniel Clay,  
George Clay,  
William Clay,  
Nancy Clay,  William Epperson,  
Martha Clay,  Richard Milner,  
Jesse Clay,  Ann Tanner,   Hannah Coleman,  
Martha Clay,  Jarrett Bevill,  
Anderson T. Clay,  Frances J. Brame,  
Mary G. Clay,  John G. Coleman,  
Nancy Clay,  William Coleman,  
William Clay,  Martha A. (—) Clay,  
John Clay,  Dolly Coleman,  Averilla Boothe,  
Ophelia A. Clay,  
Richard E. Clay,  Martha A. Coleman,  William Coleman,  
Emmett S. Clay,  
Sarah A. Clay,  
Richard A. Clay,  
Hattie P. Clay,  
Daniel W. Clay,  Ann B. Waugh,  Andrew Waugh,  
Frances Archer Clay,  James Sadler,  
Edward T. Clay,  
Cary J. Clay,  John Wills,  
John T. Wills,  Mary S. —,  
Berthier C. Wills,  Ann Parthenia —,  
Richard D. Wills,  Christie E. —,  
George H. Wills,  
Frances R. Wills,  
Martha B. Wills,  
Harriet H. Wills,  
Robert Clay,  
Charles Clay,  Amy (Willson) Epes,   
Charles Clay IV,  Mary Hawks,  
Elizabeth R. Clay,  John Adams,  William Clay Avery,   
Dolly Clay,  William Clay Avery,   
Elizabeth Clay,  Kennon Worsham,   
John Worsham,  Mary Crittington,  
Martha Worsham,  
Charles Clay Worsham,  
Daniel Worsham,  
Elizabeth Worsham,  
Hannah Clay,  William Avery,  George Avery,  
Barrington Avery,  
Joel Avery,  Sarah Ellington,  
Sophia Avery,  William Walthall,  
Adeline Avery,  William P. Allen,  Richard B. Allen,  
Mariah Avery,  William Clay Avery,   
Barrington Avery,  Rebecca (Hawthorne) Mitchell,  Peter Hawthorne,  Abram Mitchell,  Kennon H. Dixon,  
Archer Avery,  Lucy Matthews,  
Asa Avery,  
Nathan Avery,  Elizabeth Williams,   
John W. Avery,  
William Clay Avery,  Mariah Avery,   
Mary A. Avery,  Charles S. Hutcheson,  
Martha Ann Avery,  Thomas L. Walthall,  
Philip B. Avery,  
Joel Motley Avery,  
William Clay Avery,  Dolly Clay,   Elizabeth R. (Clay) Adams,   
Martha Avery,  John T. Madeira,  
Ann Avery,  John Borum,   
Mary Avery,  Hezekiah Meador,   
George Yeoman Avery,  
Elizabeth Avery,  Francis Goodwin,  
Sarah Avery,  James Goodwin,  
John Avery,  
Martha Clay,  Samuel Snead,   William Snead,  
William Snead,  
Ann Snead,  Thomas Winn,   
Phillip Snead,  
John Snead,  
Sarah Snead,  
Anne Clay,  Thomas Clay,   
 William Clay,  
Ann Old,   
Simon Powell,  
Josiah Clay,  James Rice,  
Elizabeth Claiborne West,   
Philip Clay,  
William H. Clay,  Susan Ann Brooks,  
Ann M. Clay,  Isaac Kirk,  Mary Palmer,   
John Clay,  Millicent Epes,  Joshua Epes,  
James Clay,  Priscilla Reese,  
Charles Clay,  Rhoda (—) Clay,  
William Clay,  
 James Clay (c.1721-1790),  
 Judith Clay,  
 Henry Clay,  
Mary Clay,  William Hatcher,   Peter Jones Sr.,   
Valentine Winfree,   
Arthur Graves,   
Elizabeth Hatcher,  
Mina Hatcher,  
Henry Clay Hatcher,  Obadiah Hatcher,   

This family topic includes the following notable individuals.
Soldiers of colonial and American wars
Solomon Clay - Revolutionary War Elijah Clay - Revolutionary War
Thomas Clay - Revolutionary War Thomas Clay - War of 1812
John Clay - Revolutionary War  

Selected sources
Dorman, John Frederick. Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5, Fourth Edition. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2004. Volume One, pages 643-698. • Family of John Clay, including Charles Clay, Charles Clay, and James Clay.
Dorman, John Frederick. Claiborne of Virginia. Descendants of Colonel William Claiborne. Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1995, pages 86-87. • Family of Abraham West including Elizabeth Claiborne West who married Josiah Clay.
Kilby, Craig M. “The Avary Family of Amelia County, Virginia, With Notes on Their Descendants.” The Southside Virginian. 14:25-31, 74-79, 126-131, 179-183 (1996); 15:26-32, 78-82 (1997). • Includes the family of William Avery and Hannah Clay.

This topic, which represents .23% of all the family history material at, includes 201 citations and the names of 233 individuals.
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